Golestan Palace with its spectacular environment is a place to relax for hours and enjoy its beauty. The existence of a swimming pool and fountain add a special sense to the atmosphere. But the most attractive part of this palace is its walls. The walls which are tiled in different designs and colors are very charming for all visitors. All over this magnificent environment, there are buildings and palaces that once inhabited by kings and their closest bodies, and today they host visitors and travelers.
The history of Golestan Palace dates back to Shāh Abbās era. But when Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, the founder of the Qajar Dynasty, gained the power more attention was paid to this collection. Agha Mohammad Khan’s coronation in Tehran has increased the importance of the Golestan Royal Palace and later on, during the Convent of the Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, it developed. At the time of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar, Golestan Palace has undergone major changes due to his long-standing rule and his trips to Europe.
Today Golestan Palace is located in the Arg Square, near Tehran Bazaar also The complex has several buildings and palaces. Golestan Complex, positioning near one of the busy neighborhoods of Tehran, is a peaceful and flourishing environment where the buildings and their architecture take you from the heart of today’s Tehran to the era of the Qajar kings.
Different segments of Golestan palace
Considering the history of Golestan Palace; it might be interesting for you to visit the oldest building in this complex; also Eyvane Takhte Marmar; is the oldest building in Golestan Palace; which it’s construction dates back to Karim Khan Zand’s era; Eyvane Takhte Marmar is the porch where the king visits the visitors; meeting with people and hearing their requests and problems; Plaster works, masonry; Khatam Kari; mirror work; wood carvings; and Moshabak Kari have given a special glory to this porch.
In the porch, there is a marble bed made with the order of Fath Ali Shah. The design of the bed was inspired by the idea of the throne of Solomon so that from every quadrant that you look at it, you can see 3 demons and 6 angels that carry it. Some poems also engraved on the bed about Fath Ali Shah’s blessing and exhortation.
In the northwest of the Golestan Palace; an indoor courtyard is located in the form of a veranda that is known as Khalvat Karimkhani; In the middle of this part of the Golestan complex; there is a small pool that in the past the water of king’s aqueduct came out of it and flowed into royal gardens; Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar; buried the remnants of Karim Khan Zand’s dead body under the stairs of the building to kick off his body every time he crossed the stairs; Reza Khan removed the bones; transferred them to Qom. In this part; the stone throne of Nasreddin Shah and Fath Ali Shah marble bed is placed .
On the eastern side of the Golestan complex also a very famous building is glowing, which is called as Shams-ol-Emareh which Some believe that Shamsol Emareh is the oldest symbol of Tehran. The construction of this structure was the result of Naser al-Din Shah’s interest in high-rise buildings. The building was constructed with the idea that the king could watch the landscape of Tehran and his surrounding view. One of the interesting works kept in this building is Naser al-Din Shah’s bloody chair. Naser al-Din Shah was assassinated in 1896, his wounded body was placed on the chair and with a napkin on his wound. Today, this chair is stored in Shamsol Emareh and blood spots on it are evident.