The most popular Iranian handicrafts

Iranian handicrafts are very popular in all over the world due to their diversity and unique quality. For that matter, some of the foreign exchange income of Iran comes from selling and exporting these handicrafts. The share of handicrafts in the export section shows that not only tourism boosts the economy of the country but also promotes Iranian culture. In this article, we will introduce the most famous Iranian noble arts. Traditional jewels, glass, pottery, ceramics, handmade carpets and kilim, ziloo, wooden and copper handicrafts are among these popular handicrafts.

1-Handmade carpet and kilim

Undoubtedly, our most well-known Iranian products are handmade carpets. In the world, every nation is recognized by a symbol, and we Iranians have our beautiful carpets as our symbol. Experts around the globe believe that Persian carpet has the best quality, and historians are sure that the antiquity of this art dates back to the Safavid period. Silk carpet of Isfahan is among the most beloved products around the world. Handmade carpets have different varieties, and each one of them has its unique design, texture, and dimensions. Various types of expensive rugs and carpets, kilims, ziloos and other types of handmade carpets are exported to foreign countries with hefty price tags. Persian carpets are designed with inspiration from myths and philosophical concepts.  Handmade carpet has many advantages: it has attractive design and colors, contains natural fibers, does not cause respiratory problems, lacks static electricity, and has a very long lifespan and durability.

Persian Handmade Carpet

2-Glass and copper utensils

These products also have a significant share of foreign exports. The art of glass forming, which is very attractive, is considered as one of the oldest arts of humankind and in Iran also dates back to million years ago. Archaeologists have found the first glass containers in the Middle East which date back to the Parthian and Sassanian period. Glassblowing industry in Iran uses the techniques of blowing in the template or free blowing.

copper Utensils

Copper workings are among the oldest handicrafts of Iran, and many of its examples can be found in Iranian museums. Copper working in the country dates back to at least five thousand years ago, and it is more likely that the first metal discovered by humankind is copper and the first coppersmiths also were Iranians. Among the major centers of this art are Kashan, Isfahan, Kerman, Zanjan, and Shiraz. And in many cities such as Isfahan, there is a market called “Bazar-e mesgarha” or coppersmiths’ bazar, which is dedicated to the artists of this field. Copper has many advantages including disinfecting the food and causing bacteria to die

coppersmiths’ bazar

3-Pottery and ceramics

Pottery usually refers to the type of the containers which are made out of clay and the most well-known pottery product is clay jar. This art has many fans around the world and has a considerable share in exports of Iranians. Pottery making dates back to thousand years ago and is considered to be the first industry of human being. The earliest forms of clay pots have been found in the city of Shush.

Pottery

Ceramic and mosaic making also plays an important role in Iranian handicrafts. The art of mosaic making or “Moaragh Kari” refers to the art artist in small tiles with different designs and colors, matching them together to make big pieces of ceramics and finally using them for the exterior design of the walls. Yazd, Isfahan, and Ardebil are the most famous cities for this art.

Ceramic Plate

4-Wooden Art

“Khatam Kari” and “Moaragh Kari” are the titles of different Persian arts performed on pieces of wood. These types of products also are exporting to foreign countries and have lots of fans for their beautiful and eye-catching designs.

Among the other traditional handicrafts are traditional decorative fabrics and traditional jewelry that you can enjoy the beauty of each one of them

khatam Kari

Here are some other example of magnificent Iranian handicrafts:

Kilim

Copper Plate

Kharmohre

Hasir Bafi

Iran is an attractive destination for every kind of tourists due to its unique diversity of weather and human traits. There are a variety of tourist destinations in Iran. The holy cities such as Mashhad, Shiraz, and Qom, the attractions of the Caspian Sea in the northern part of Iran, the Persian Gulf in the south, and the desert of middle regions are among of these attractions. Here are some of the most important places to visit in Iran.

Tehran

Tehran, as the capital of the country and the most famous city in Iran, is the first city which is an attractive destination for foreign tourists, the surrounding townships of Tehran have also made the city more interesting. The most important tourist attractions of Tehran include Milad Tower, Azadi Tower, Tehran Zoo, Golestan Palace, Sa’adabad Palace, Grand Market, Shrine of Imam Zadeh Saleh, etc. Tehran with its population which is about 11 million people own 40 percent of the country’s economy.

Mashad

When we talk about tourist destinations in Iran, we cannot deny the role of Mashhad as a holy city. Mashhad holds the title of the most tourist attractive and luxurious city in Iran. The reason is apparent: the shrine of Imam Reza.

According to the reports and statistics, more than 30 million Iranians and 5 million foreign tourists, most of whom are Arab citizens, travel to Mashhad each year. Through the statistics, in the Nowruz holidays of each year reaches its peak and crosses the 12 million mark.

Apart from the existence of the Imam Reza Shrine which has become Iranian pilgrimage pole, Mashhad has other attractions for travelers. For example, if you want to go to the most equipped water parks, you can find it in this city, or if you desire to experience nightlife in one of the cities in Iran, it will be possible to have it around the shrine.

The presence of other attractions such as museums, urban and suburban parks, and the magnificent tombs of Ferdowsi and Nadir Shah Afshar, as well as observing the culture and lifestyle of people in Mashhad, can also be the motivation to travel to Mashhad.

Yazd

Yazd is a distinct city which, despite the unbearable heat, has many hospitable residents that will double the pleasure of your travel. Yazd province is located 270 km south-east of Isfahan, and those who are interested in the Iranian introspective architecture can enjoy the beautiful and historical monuments of the city for hours. The most interesting sites in Yazd are Yazd Mosque, Dolatabad Garden, Lari’s House, Eskandar Prison.

Mazandaran and Gilan

For many Iranians, traveling means going to the north. Gilan province is one of the most visited places in Iran due to the nature of its greenery, the existence of forest areas, and the pleasant climate of Caspian Sea which most of its cities have enjoyed from it. The northern part of Iran which includes two provinces of Gilan and Mazandaran is so popular among Iranians that most of them travel to that region at the time of their holidays.

Gilan and Mazandaran in addition to the presence of sea and forest, are the capital of Iranian food and this is another motivation of travel.  Nowruz holidays are considered to be the times that these two provinces are full of travelers and after that, it comes the summer season. Also, weekend holidays are good motivation for traveling to these regions. If you want to know more about the popularity of northern Iran, it is good to mention that from the beginning of Farvardin (March) 2017 to 13th of this month, 1 million and 255 thousand people have traveled to Gilan, a strange but real statistic.

The most tourist attractive cities in Guilan province are Rasht, Masouleh, Fouman, Lahijan, and Langrood. Also Sari, Chalus, Kelardasht, Babolsar, Noor, Mahmoudabad, and Ramsar are the most famous cities in Mazandaran.

Esfahan

Esfahan is a perfect city. You can listen to songs singing under Khaju Bridge, walk on Si-o-se-pol, and watch the beauty of Zayanderud. Isfahan is the city of lovely streets and neighborhoods and pleasant sidewalks. You can pass by Chahar Bagh e Abbasi Street if you want to have a nice walk in history for hours. You can eat great meals in restaurants in the city or please yourself with a drink in its beautiful coffee shops. Spending some time in its traditional bazaar or laying down on Naqshe Jahan greenery and watching the Carriages passing by would be a pleasant experience.

Due to the existence of more than six thousand historical monuments dating back to hundreds and thousands of years, Esfahan is called as “Nesfe Jahan” which means half of the world. Watching Zayanderud and magnificent bridges of Isfahan brings many tourists from different parts of the world to this city. For example, from the beginning of Farvardin (March) 2017 to the early Ordibehesht (April) 2017, 850000 foreign tourists entered Isfahan, which was unprecedented in the last four decades.

Shiraz

Shiraz is the city of gardens, and especially in the spring (the season of blossoming orange trees), its cheerful weather brings lots of travelers to this city. In Shiraz, all the elements are united together to make a delightful travel experience for you. You get fascinated by walking through its gardens like Eram, Qavam, Afif Abad and Jahan. Watching the Persepolis and the magnificence of its pillars is a pleasure that words cannot describe it. The tomb of Hafez and Saadi are attractive not only for Iranians but for all the tourists of other countries. The proof of this claim is the travel of nearly one million foreign tourists since the beginning of the year to Shiraz.

Qeshm Island

In recent years, Qeshm has become one of the tourist cities in Iran, and there is almost no one who does not have a memorial picture with the attractions of this city. Qeshm is the island of wonders and joyful experiences. For example, one can walk among its amazing passages like Chahkooh Canyon or the valley of statues and enjoy all its shapes, corridors, and caverns or walk to the phenomenal forest of Hara, see the construction of giant launches, watch some beautiful creatures for even once in his life, or tasted the best seafood. One of the most popular entertainments of Qeshm is swimming in the sea or camping beside it. The best time for it is from the beginning of Aban (November) to the middle of Farvardin (March).

Tabriz

Tabriz in East Azerbaijan province is the city of firsts, and because of its number of attractions, it is always one of the most famous cities in Iran, especially if the weather is warm and moderate. The city carries the titles of the cleanest city in Iran, the safest city in Iran, the city without beggars and the city of underpasses and overpasses. Tabriz is also the capital of a Persian food called Kabab, and this is one of the motivations of travel for the Iranians who love Kabab. The largest indoor market in the world is located in Tabriz and who does not want to travel to such a great city?